Movement Disorder

30 10, 2012

RLS: What is Restless Leg Syndrome?

By |October 30th, 2012|Movement Disorder|Comments Off on RLS: What is Restless Leg Syndrome?|

Restless Leg Syndrome is a disorder that causes the sufferer to experience uncomfortable sensations in the limbs, most often in the legs, which are alleviated only by moving the affected limbs. It is one of the many issues that fall under the umbrella of Movement Disorders. Anyone can experience RLS, but it is most common in middle-aged and older adults. People with RLS often find it hard to describe what the symptoms feel like: it might be “pins and needles,” “creepy crawlies,” or an itch that simply can’t be scratched. Nothing helps dispel these sensations except moving the legs.
Restless Leg Syndrome occurs most often when the legs are at rest — at night, during periods of relaxation, or when sitting for a long time such as in class, on a plane, or at one’s work desk. RLS typically is at its worst at night and least bothersome in the morning. As such, it can be very disruptive to sleep, causing or aggravating a Sleep Disorder, both to the person suffering from Restless Leg Syndrome and to his or her bed partner.

What Causes Restless Leg Syndrome?
Unfortunately, the cause of RLS is still unknown. It often runs in families, so there may be a genetic factor, but it has yet to be pinpointed. Sometimes, but not always, it is accompanied by another disorder, such as Parkinson’s disease, kidney failure, and peripheral neuropathy. Often the person with Restless Leg Syndrome also has an iron deficiency. There is a correlation between the amount of iron in the body and the production of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a natural substance that is required by the brain to control movement in the body.
According to a [...]

16 02, 2012

Movement Disorder: Case Study 2

By |February 16th, 2012|Case Studies, Movement Disorder|Comments Off on Movement Disorder: Case Study 2|

The following is a case involving a female with a non-specific movement disorder:
A 21-year-old female was referred by her neurologist for counseling and neurofeedback to treat what he deemed to be a Movement Disorder. She had been having symptoms since she was 5 yrs old and had been to countless doctors and mental health specialists. It all began with increased blinking and eye movements and progressed to facial grimacing.
Click here for Movement Disorder: Case Study 1
As she got older her arms began to twinge in pain and twitch. She recognized that she had a compelling need to move her arms, head and neck, almost as though it were an irresistible urge. Her work and school performance were beginning to be severely compromised. Into her 3rd month of treatment, she began to see improvements in the intensity of the symptoms. Her progress was slow, but she was encouraged because nothing else she had ever done caused any positive change. After 14 months of treatment she still has what she referred to as occasional twinges, but her symptoms were greatly reduced! The irresistible urges to move almost constantly were almost gone. She had hope that one day her symptoms would vanish.
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4 02, 2012

Parkinson’s Disease: Case Study

By |February 4th, 2012|Case Studies, Movement Disorder, Parkinson's|Comments Off on Parkinson’s Disease: Case Study|

At age 40 w, Alan began dealing with a frozen shoulder and bouts of depression. After a few years, with worsening and increasing symptoms, his mother suggested he see a doctor about possible Parkinson’s Disease. By this time, his symptoms included problems with gait while walking and an even deeper depression, and this led him to make a decision to take early retirement from his long time career. Over the next year after his diagnosis, he tried everything he could to get relief, from changes in diet, to yoga and other exercises, and medications. Some modes of treatment worked better than others, and some were effective for longer periods of time than others. 
Alan found a support group online and during one of the chat sessions, he learned about Neurofeedback. He went to his doctor, and together they researched and found this to be an effective treatment for the motor problems he experiencing. Since Parkinson’s is chronic and progressive, he set upon an intensive treatment plan for daily neurofeedback sessions. After about 6 months of treatment, he began to see some improvement in his tremors and his depression. He continues in treatment along with counseling, and he has found that his gait continues to improve. He realized that having Parkinson’s is a long-term journey for him. Neurofeedback cannot stop the degenerative process associated with this disease, but it can delay the onset of more severe symptoms and even reduce some of the symptoms initially presented.

Of course, not every patient who undergoes neurofeedback training experiences this drastic of a result. However, we do find improved outcomes in approximately 85 to 90 percent of our clients. Consistency in treatment and a positive attitude are important for success.
There is help! Call us to find out!

17 12, 2011

Psychogenic Movement Disorder: PMD

By |December 17th, 2011|Anxiety Disorder, Movement Disorder, Neurofeedback|Comments Off on Psychogenic Movement Disorder: PMD|

Psychogenic Movement Disorder (PMD) is classified as a Medically Unexplained Symptom (MUS). This condition reveals itself typically as a conversion disorder. A conversion disorder with accompanying psychogenic movements is defined by the DSM-IV as a movement disorder which is not related to organic damage to the nervous system; conversion disorders are considered to have a psychological origin. This is not to be confused with factitious disorder or malingering; the symptoms of conversion disorders are not deliberately fashioned or feigned.
PMD functions as an umbrella term for a cluster of movement disorders when doctors can find no neurologic or other medical indication to explain symptoms. PMD can present as any number of neurologically based movement disorders, including tremor, myoclonus, dystonia, chorea, bradykinesia, myoclonus, tics, athetosis, ataxia, or others. Neurologists and psychologists alike are often baffled by PMD. PMD patients are estimated to account for 2-3% of all patients in movement disorder clinics today. Thus, in recent years, the disorder is receiving increased attention and focus.
The emotion and motion centers are very tightly linked within the in the brain. Therefore, it is not uncommon for the body to respond with motor symptoms when there is an emotional stress. Consider a person in the midst of a dangerous situation where the fight or flight mechanism in the brain is activated. Trembling hands is a very common symptom associated with this response. When a person experiences a panic attack, the same shaking response is typical. This movement could be considered as falling under the umbrella of PMD.
Vanessa Hinson, MD, director of the Movement Disorders Program at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, states that “with the correct explanation of symptoms and guidance toward [...]

15 12, 2011

Movement Disorder: Case Study

By |December 15th, 2011|Case Studies, Movement Disorder, Sleep Disorder|Comments Off on Movement Disorder: Case Study|

Myotonic Dystrophy
A Neurofeedback practitioner in Australia reports the following remarkable story:
Almost two years ago I began neurofeedback training a then ten-year-old with a movement disorder, Myotonic Dystrophy, who had attention problems, low muscle tone, low energy, poor speech, sleep maintenance issues and sleep apnea. After about sixty sessions, this youngster showed greatly increased energy, improved concentration and speech, normalization of his sleep cycle and no sleep apnea. A formal sleep study documented normalization of his blood oxygen saturation levels when compared with studies conducted prior to Neurofeedback training, and confirmed that the sleep apnea issue had been resolved.
About six months later his mother called to say that he had lost all of the gains we had made with the Neurofeedback. So he came back in twice per week and we were again able to attain the same level of improvements. We now maintain those gains with sessions once per week during school terms. Myotonic Dystrophy is a degenerative condition in which the patient’s health is expected to gradually deteriorate, so it seems this youngster needs ongoing Neurofeedback training to maintain gains and postpone the inevitable deterioration.
Now for the really good news!
Because of this well-known process of deterioration, medical specialists had previously predicted that this boy would be in a wheelchair by now. However, he is now twelve years old and a few months back was encouraged to try out for “Special Olympics.” This is a program here in Australia in which children with disabilities are encouraged to take part in track and field events.

The boy’s mother told me last week that he is now running times in the 400 meters that would have qualified him to run in [...]